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   2016| January-June  | Volume 1 | Issue 1  
    Online since July 7, 2016

 
 
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REVIEW ARTICLES
Sex identification in forensic odontology- a review of various methodology
Bhawani Gupta, Mogit Gupta
January-June 2016, 1(1):9-13
DOI:10.4103/2542-5013.185693  
Forensic odontology is the investigative part of dentistry that applies dental principles to legal issues that analyses dental evidence for human identification. Sex determination is a subdivision of forensic odontology, and it is very important, especially when information relating to the deceased is unavailable. The compilation and critical reading are necessary to understand the role of forensic odontology expert with regard to sex determination using dental records. This article reviews upon the various methods used in sex determination in forensic odontology.
  10,518 1,328 1
EDITORIAL
Scope of forensic odontology
TN Uma Maheswari
January-June 2016, 1(1):1-1
DOI:10.4103/2542-5013.185689  
  5,601 786 -
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Age determination among different age groups using enamel-etching patterns: Scanning electron microscopy analysis
James D Raj, Sindhu Ramesh
January-June 2016, 1(1):21-24
DOI:10.4103/2542-5013.185697  
Background: The determination of age and sex is among the important aspects of forensic anthropology and vital in medicolegal investigations. Enamel is the hardest known substance in the human body. As tooth matures, the surface layer of the enamel presents hypermineralization features, which could influence the features of the etching pattern. Aim: The purpose of the present study is to assess if the enamel surface can be used as a parameter to determine the age. Materials and Methods : Sixty freshly extracted teeth from individuals with known age group were collected and etching procedure was done, and then subjected to scanning electron microscope analysis. Statistical Analysis: Chi-square test was done  using SPSS software (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS), USA). Results and Conclusion: The predominant etching pattern seen in 20-30 year age group after acid etching for 15 s is Type I pattern (66%), while in 50-60 year age group, it is Type II pattern (61.6%). A significant difference was observed in the respective age groups among the type of etching pattern. This technique can be a very useful adjunct for age determination in the field of forensic odontology.
  4,188 577 -
REVIEW ARTICLES
Virtual autopsy
Jayanth Kumar Vadivel
January-June 2016, 1(1):14-16
DOI:10.4103/2542-5013.185694  
Forensic odontology has been emerging as a major branch of the forensic science as an identification aid. Teeth by its resistant nature to degradative forces offer us an identification tool. Virtual autopsy is a virtual dissection of the human body through imaging to analyze the internal aspects of the body. This article speaks on the applications of virtual autopsy in forensic science.
  4,093 511 4
Forensic odontology: A historic review
Laliytha Bijai Kumar, Sivaraman Shivakumar
January-June 2016, 1(1):2-3
DOI:10.4103/2542-5013.185690  
Forensic odontology has played a major role in identification of persons in crime scenes, mass disasters, fire victims, abuse, and accidents. The various methods employed in forensic odontology include rugoscopy, cheiloscopy, photographic study, radiographs, and molecular methods. Despite the shortcomings, methods applied in forensic odontology are quite reliable. This paper is a review on the historical highlights of forensic odontology.
  3,673 569 -
Dental neglect in pediatric patients among Indian population: A review of case reports
Dhivyalakshmi Manavazhagan, Nabeel Ahmed, TN Uma Maheswari
January-June 2016, 1(1):4-5
DOI:10.4103/2542-5013.185691  
Knowingly or unknowingly children in the age group of 5-12 years of age are at a risk of various forms of child abuse, one among which is dental neglect. Dental neglect is one of the least recognized problems, yet it is a very serious problem. This review article is written with the aim to emphasize the role of dentists in reporting the child abuse cases and to counsel the parents/caretakers of the children regarding the seriousness of the issue.
  3,748 468 2
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
To assess the knowledge and attitude toward forensic odontology among dentists in Chennai city
N Navya, James D Raj
January-June 2016, 1(1):17-20
DOI:10.4103/2542-5013.185701  
Aim: To assess the knowledge and attitude toward forensic odontology dentists in Chennai City. Objectives: To evaluate knowledge about forensic odontology among general dental practitioners. Materials and Methods: A study was conducted among 200 general dental practitioners. A questionnaire was distributed among them. Background: Forensic odontology includes the proper handling, examination, and evaluation of evidence related to dental findings which can be used for personal identification. It is dependent on the detailed knowledge of the teeth and jaws which is only possessed by a dentist. The survey was conducted with the aim to assess the awareness of forensic odontology in Chennai. Results: Many of the general dental practitioners had a basic knowledge about forensic odontology, but only 27% knew about Indian Association of Forensic Odontology. Sixty-nine percent of them were not confident about giving an opinion for a forensic case. Sixty-three percent of them knew about cheiloscopy. Many of them did not know the importance of identifying child abuse as a dentist. Sixty-nine percent of them said they would inform the parents if they identified a child abuse case. Nineteen percent of them did not maintain dental records and among the remaining only 30% maintained complete dental records. None of them had any formal training related to forensic odontology. Two percent of them only knew about the forensic courses available in India. Most of them felt that our country has very limited resources for forensic odontology. Conclusion: Forensic odontology has an important role in the recognition of person. Forensic odontology requires interdisciplinary knowledge of dental science. This survey shows that general dental practitioners in Chennai have inadequate knowledge and interest in forensic odontology.
  3,733 387 4
REVIEW ARTICLES
Dental tags
Saranya Dhanapal, Jayaprakash MJ Divyanand
January-June 2016, 1(1):6-8
DOI:10.4103/2542-5013.185692  
Dental professions have a major role to play in keeping accurate dental records and providing all necessary information, so that legal authorities may recognize negligence, fraud or abuse and identify unknown human. Forensic organizations worldwide have recommended that dental prosthesis should be labelled with at least the patient's name and preferably with further unique identifiers such as serial number etc. Serial numbers can be suggested in the following dental prosthesis like Crowns, Dentures, and Implants.
  3,197 425 -