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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 38-42

A comparative study analyzing the size of mental foramen in Male, Female, and transgender using cone-beam computed tomography


Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Triveni Institute of Dental Sciences Hospital and Research Center, Bilaspur, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Poorvi Yadav
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Triveni Institute of Dental Sciences Hospital and Research Center, Bilaspur
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijfo.ijfo_7_21

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Background: Mental foramen (MF) is the anatomical landmark which is oval in shape and present in mandible and shows sexual dimorphism by variation in size and position. The aim of this study was to analyze the size of MF in male, female, and transgender using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and also emphasize on specifically conducting such study on transgenders. Materials and Methods: Axial, coronal, tangential sections of 150 participants (50 males, 50 females, and 50 transgenders) and CBCT mandibular scans aged 25–50 years were prospectively evaluated to determine the size of MF. Differentiating characteristics of genders were evaluated. Results: Transgenders had significantly greater axial and tangential width measurements than males and females. Transgenders had significantly greater coronal height and tangential height measurements than males and females. Mean width of MF 5.91 ± 0.14 (axial), 6.23 ± 0.19 (tangential), mean height of MF 6.83 ± 0.31 (coronal), and 6.74 ± 0.32 (tangential) were observed. Conclusion: It could be concluded that gender identification by MF can be more reliable as it is a stable landmark and shows sexual dimorphism. The present study observed the significant difference in size of the MF in male, female, and transgender.


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