• Users Online: 511
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Search Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 67-71

A novel approach toward mandibular condyle imaging and quantification through modified reverse panoramic radiography for determination of gender

Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Saraswati Dental College, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shweta Dwivedy
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Saraswati Dental College, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijfo.ijfo_5_17

Rights and Permissions

Background: Mandible is the only movable bone of the skull which provides an arena for age and gender determination. A normal variation of the condylar morphology that occurs with age, gender, facial type, and functional load has been established by few authors. It is still the incompletely explored quarter in anthropology and forensic science for gender determination. Aims: The aim of this study is to assess the reliability of mandibular anteroposterior condylar diameter for gender determination utilizing modified reverse panoramic radiographic technique. Materials and Methods: Reverse panoramic radiograph of 60 healthy randomly selected individuals (30 males and 30 females) was taken between the age group of 25 to 45 years. Anteroposterior maximum diameter of both condyles (right and left) was recorded with Trophy Dicom Imaging software, and the values obtained were further subjected for statistical analysis. Results: Average anteroposterior diameter of condyle in male and female was observed, i.e., 10.21533 ± 0.99595 and 9.401667 ± 1.048026 mm, respectively, which was statistically significant. Conclusion: Although the present study is a pilot study, we can conclude that maximum anteroposterior diameter of the mandibular condyle can assist in gender determination. Modified reverse panoramic radiographic technique is a noble and practical tool in visualization of both condyles, which most of the times cannot be clearly visualized in orthopantomogram due to the overlapping of anatomical structures.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded426    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal